“Functional” or “Medicinal” mushrooms have been used for thousands of years in East Asian medicine for their health boosting properties. The use of functional mushrooms has been a remarkably resilient tradition, for long based on human experience, passed on from generation to generation—only more recently have studies begun to reveal the specific compounds in these mushrooms that can explain their health benefits.
There are two main categories of bioactive constituents in medicinal mushrooms: - antioxidants, most notably triterpenes or triterpenoids, said to be responsible for a protective effect on cells; and
- prebiotic polysaccharides, mainly fungal beta glucans, which have been found to support immune activity by activating leukocytes (white blood cells)
Landish’s certified organic mushrooms are put through a natural and traditional water boiling process called decoction to maximize the bioavailability of these compounds. Landish only uses the fruiting body of the mushroom and never any mycelium or other fillers.
Aside from the general characteristics of functional mushrooms, specific mushrooms are known for different benefits.
Reishi mushroom, or Ganoderma Lucidum, and nicknamed “the mushroom of immortality,” is a red-brown, woody mushroom, long known for:
Chaga mushroom grows mainly on birch trees in colder climates. It may have a somewhat lackluster, charcoal-like appearance but its benefits are anything but! It has been harvested through the ages for its traditional reputation of:
Cordyceps mushrooms, which look like little caterpillars (but which are definitely mushrooms...) have one particular property not shared with the other mushrooms in this list. They’re thought to increase the production of a molecule known as ATP (adenosine triphosphate) in the body , which plays a key role in delivering energy to the muscles. This may help explain the two first benefits on this list: